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The Need for protection
Asbestos is the common name given to a collection of minerals that were used extensively throughout much of the twentieth century by the construction industry for the protection of buildings against heat, fire and sound. During the 1960s the medical profession started to become aware of the health problems associated with its use in buildings and it is now recognised as one of the most significant health hazards in the world.
When asbestos is disturbed or damaged fibres are released into the air which, if inhaled, can cause lung and other diseases. The use of asbestos in buildings is now illegal but significant amounts remain in existing buildings.
Duty to manage
The Control of Asbestos Regulations 2006 came into force on 13 November 2006. They created a duty to manage asbestos risk in “non-domestic premises”.
Regulation 4 of the Regulations places an obligation on the “duty holder” to:
There is no definition of “non-domestic premises” but they include:
The duty holder in relation to any premises is every person who:
This broad definition includes all owners, landlords, tenants, licensees and potentially managing agents and maintenance contractors.
There can often be more than one duty holder and this is frequently the case with premises that are let. Both the freehold owner and the tenant can be duty holders even where the lease provides for the tenant to have responsibility for the maintenance and repair of the whole of the premises.
Where there is more than one duty holder, the relative contributions made in complying with the regulations are determined by the “nature and extent of the maintenance and repair obligations” of each duty holder.
Duty to assess
The duty holder must conduct a “suitable and sufficient” assessment to ascertain whether asbestos or asbestos-containing material is, or is liable to be, present at their premises.
In making the assessment the duty holder must take such steps as are reasonable in the circumstances but in most cases this will involve the duty holder commissioning an asbestos survey prepared by a suitably qualified surveyor.
Managing the risk
Where asbestos is present or is likely to be present the duty holder must ensure that:
Landlords and tenants
Leases often oblige tenants to be responsible for the maintenance and repair of the whole of a building and to comply with statutory requirements in which case the tenant will be a duty holder and will need to assess the risk of asbestos being present and prepare the written plan for its management. The landlord will also be a duty holder and whilst it may be satisfied that its obligations are complied with by inspecting and maintaining a copy of the tenant’s survey and management plan the landlord must be prepared to step in if the tenant is in breach of its obligations.
With multi-let properties and buildings where the landlord is responsible for an element of the maintenance and repair (for example structural repairs) the landlord will have the responsibility of arranging an asbestos survey for the parts it is responsible for and copies should be provided to the tenants.